Germany Stamps Identification and Value Guide

Overview of the Germania Series

The Germania issues of 1900 to 1922 are Germany's longest running definitive stamp series. The issues span two major German political periods, the German Empire and the Weimar Republic, a time span which includes World War I and its aftermath. There are three major Germania types with numerous minor variation and a multitude of surcharges and overprints. The result is hundreds of collectible stamps. Many of the stamps are quite affordable with retail prices running from a few cents to several dollars. Of course with the series in use for such a long time, there are a number of hard-to-find and downright rare stamps to taunt collectors. Perhaps the most dramatic of the rarities is the 2-mark value from the 1920 series with a quatrefoil pattern watermark of which only four are known. The 1920 series was printed on paper with a lozenge pattern. The quatrefoil pattern was intended for revenue stamps and the 2-mark Germania is one of several accidental uses of the paper on postal stamps. Also very hard to find from the Germania series are intact booklet panes.

The Three Major Types

The three major types of the Germania series are illustrated in the graphic below. In the orginial design of 1900, stamps were inscribed Reichspost. Beginning with the series of 1902, the inscription was changed to Deutsches Reich. The last major change was seen in the issue of 1916-1919, when the shading lines in the stamp background were removed.



Germany - The Three Types of Germania Stamps


Watermarks

The three types of watermarks seen on Germania stamps are illustrated in the graphic below. The vast majority of stamps either have no watermark or the lozenge watermark. The early Germania stamps were printed on unwatermarked paper. Beginning with the issue of 1905-1919, stamps were printed on paper with a lonzenge patterned watermark. Late in the Germania lifespan for the issue of 1921-1922, three Germania stamps were printed on paper with a network patterned watermark. Two stamps from the 1920-1922 issue were printed on paper with the quatrefoil watermark. The quatrefoil paper was intended for use with revenue stamps.



Germany - Watermarks of the Germania Stamps




Bi-Color and Colored Paper Variation

In addition to the variations in design and watermarked papers, the Germania issues also feature bi-color printings and issues that are printed on colored paper.



Germany - Watermarks of the Germania Stamps


Germania Issues

German Empire

1900

Germany Stamp Germania Reichspost
Germania
Inscribed REICHSPOST
Type 13
Unwatermarked
1900
Germany Stamp Germania Reichspost Bicolor
Germania - Bicolor
Colored Paper
Inscribed REICHSPOST
Type 13
Unwatermarked
1900

see Germany 1900-1902



1902

Germany Stamp Germania Duetsches Reich
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Type 18
Unwatermarked
1902
Germany Stamp Germania Duetsches Reich Bicolor
Germania - Bicolor
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Type 18
Unwatermarked
1902

see Germany 1900-1902



1905-1913 (Peacetime printings)

Germany Stamp Germania Peacetime Printing
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1905-1913
Germany Stamp Germania Peacetime Printing Bicolor
Germania - Bicolor
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1905-1913


1915-1919 (War printings)

The war time printings are very similar to the peacetime printings but were generally printed on poorer quality paper with a gray or yellowish tint. Also, the colors are dull and the details course in comparison with peacetime printings.

Germany Stamp Germania War Printing
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1915-1919
Germany Stamp Germania War Printing Bicolor
Germania - Bicolor
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1915-1919


1916-1919

New colors and white background

Germany Stamp Germania White Background
Germania - White Background
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Type 24
Lozenge Watermark
1916-1919


Weimar Republic

1920

Germany Stamp Germania Weimar Republic
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Type 24
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Germania Weimar Republic
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Germania Weimar Republic Bicolor
Germania - Bicolor
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1920


1920-1922

Quatrefoil variety. The 1 1/4 mark and 2 mark type 18 stamps were accidentally printed on paper with quatrefoil watermarks..

1921

With overprinted values.

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted 10 M 10
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted 10 M 10
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1921
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted 5 Mark Green
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted 5 Mark in Green
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1921
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted 3 M 3
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted 3 M 3
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1921
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted 1,60 M
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted 1,60 M
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1921


1922

The regular issue of 1922 included two Germania type stamps.

Germany Stamp Germania
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1922


1919 - Semipostal

Surcharge for war veterans.

Germany Stamp Germania Surcharged for War Veterans
Germania - Semipostal
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted fur Kriegs-beschadigte
Surcharge 5pf Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1919
Germany Stamp Germania Surcharged for War Veterans
Germania - Semipostal
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted fur Kriegs-beschadigte
Surcharge 5pf Type 24
Lozenge Watermark
1919


Bavaira

1919

Germany Stamp Germania Bavaria Overprint
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Freistaat Bayern
Type 24
Lozenge Watermark
1919
Germany Stamp Germania Bavaria Overprint
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Freistaat Bayern
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1919


Danzig

1920

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Danzig
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Danzig
Type 24
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Danzig
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Danzig
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Danzig
Germania - Bicolor
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Danzig
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1920


1920

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Danzig
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Danzig
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Danzig
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted 1¼ M 1¼ DANZIG
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Danzig
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted 2 Mark 2 DANZIG
Type 24
Lozenge Watermark
1920


Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Danzig
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Mark 3 Mark Danzig
Type 24
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Danzig
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Mk. 5 Mk. DANZIG
Type 24
Lozenge Watermark
1920


1920

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Danzig
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Danzig
Type 24
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Danzig
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Danzig
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1920


1920 - Airmail

Germany Stamp Germania Airmail Overprinted Danzig with Biplane
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted 40 40 Danzig with biplane
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Germania Airmail Overprinted Danzig with Biplane
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted 60 60 Danzig with biplane
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Airmail Overprinted Danzig with Winged Posthorn
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted MARK 1 MARK Danzig with winged posthorn
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1920


Allenstein

1920

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Allenstein
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted PLÉBISCITE OLSZTYN ALLENSTEIN
Type 18/24
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Allenstein
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted COMMISSION D'ADMINISTRATION ET DE PLÉBISCITE * OLSZTYN * ALLENSTEIN * TRAITÉ DE VERSAILLES ART. 94 et 95
Type 18/24
Lozenge Watermark
1920


Marienwerder

1920

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Marienwerder
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Commission Interalliee Marienwerder
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Marienwerder
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Commission Interalliee Marienwerder with value
Type 18/24
Lozenge Watermark
1920


Memel

1920

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Memelgebiet
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Memel-gebiet
Type 18/24
Lozenge Watermark
1922


Saar

1920 (March)

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Sarre
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Sarre
Type 18/24
Lozenge Watermark
1920
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Sarre
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Sarre
Overprint variation - note "S" sits lower and control mark (line) under obliteration bar.
Type 18/24
Lozenge Watermark
1920


1920 (April)

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted SAARGEBIET
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted SAARGEBIET
Type 18/24
Lozenge Watermark
1920


1921

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted SAARGEBIET
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted 20 SAARGEBIET
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1921
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted SAARGEBIET
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Mark 5 Mark SAARGEBIET
Type 24
Lozenge Watermark
1921
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted SAARGEBIET
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Mark 10 Mark SAARGEBIET
Type 24
Lozenge Watermark
1921


Upper Silesia

1920 - Official

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted C.I.H.S.
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted C.I.H.S.
Type 18/24
Lozenge Watermark
1920


German Post Offices Abroad

China

1900

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted China
Germania
Inscribed REICHSPOST
Overprinted China (handstamped)
Type 13
Unwatermarked
1900


1901

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted China
Germania
Inscribed REICHSPOST
Overprinted China
Type 13
Unwatermarked
1901


1905

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted China
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted China with value
Type 18
Unwatermarked
1905


1906-1913

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted China
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted China with value
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1906-1913


Marocco

1900

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Marocco
Germania
Inscribed REICHSPOST
Overprinted Marocco and value
Type 13
Unwatermarked
1900


1905

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Marocco
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Marocco and value
Type 18
Unwatermarked
1905


1906-1911

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Marocco
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Marocco and value
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1906-1911


1911

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Marokko
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Marokko and value
Type 18
Lozenge Watermark
1911


Turkey

1900

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted PARA
Germania
Inscribed REICHSPOST
Overprinted PARA and value
Type 13
No watermark
1900
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Piaster
Germania
Inscribed REICHSPOST
Overprinted Piaster and value
Type 13
No watermark
1900
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted PIASTER
Germania
Inscribed REICHSPOST
Overprinted PIASTER and value
Type 13
No watermark
1900


1903-1905

Overprints for the 1903-1905 series are heavier. Note the shape of the "A" which is flat on top with thick serifs.

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted PARA
Germania
Inscribed REICHSPOST
Overprinted PARA and value
Type 13
No watermark
1903-1905
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted PIASTER
Germania
Inscribed REICHSPOST
Overprinted Piaster and value
Type 13
No watermark
1903-1905<


1905

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Para
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Para and value
Type 18
No watermark
1905
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Piaster
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Piaster and value
Type 18
No watermark
1905


1906-1912

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Para
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Para and value
Type 18
Lozenge watermark
1906-1912
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Piaster
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Piaster and value
Type 18
Lozenge watermark
1906-1912


1908

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Centimes
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Centimes and value
Type 18
Lozenge watermark
1908


Occupation Issues

Belgium

1914-1915

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Belgien Centimes
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Belgien Centimes and value
Type 18
Lozenge watermark
1914-1915


1916-1918

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Belgien Cent.
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Belgien Cent.and value
Type 18/24
Lozenge watermark
1916-1918
Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Belgien F.
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Belgien F. and value
Type 18
Lozenge watermark
1916-1918


France (Western Command)

1916

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Cent.
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Cent. and value
Type 18/24
Lozenge watermark
1916


Latvia

1919

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted LIBAU
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted LIBAU
Type 18/24
Lozenge watermark
1919


Lithuania (Eastern Command)

1916-1917

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Postgebiet / Ob. Ost
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Postgebiet / Ob. Ost
Type 18/24
Lozenge watermark
1916-1917


Poland

1915

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Russisch-Polen
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Russisch-Polen
Type 18
Lozenge watermark
1915


1916-1917

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Gen. Gouv. Warschau
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Gen. Gouv. Warschau
Type 18/24
Lozenge watermark
1916-1917


Romania

1917 (June)

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted M.V.i.R. Bani
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted M.V.i.R. Bani and value
Type 18/24
Lozenge watermark
1917


1917(July)-1918

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted M.V.i.R. Bani
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted M.V.i.R. Bani and value
Type 18/24
Lozenge watermark
1917-1918


1918

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Rumänien Bani
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Rumänien Bani and value
Type 18/24
Lozenge watermark
1918


1918

Germany Stamp Germania Overprinted Gültig 9. Armee
Germania
Inscribed DEUTSCHES REICH
Overprinted Gültig / 9. Armee
Type 18/24
Lozenge watermark
1918




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